To solve simple quadratic equations you need to be able to factorise quadratic expressions, like x²+9x +20

To do this look for a pair of numbers that add up to 9 and muliply together to make 20.

If you can’t find the right pair, write down all the pairs of factors of 20.

1 x 20

2 x 10

4 x 5

Now we can see the correct pair is 4 and 5.

So x²+9x +20=(x+4)(x+5)

Check this by multiplying out the brackets.

Lets try one involving negative numbers.

x² -x -12

The pairs of factors of -12 are

-12 x 1

-6 x 2

-4 x 3

-3 x 4

-2 x 6

-1 x 12

The pair that add up to -1 (because there is -x in the expression) are -4 and 3

So x² -x -12=(x-4)(x+3)