Minimum Income

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the missing numbers, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free digit if an answer is giving you trouble. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
Here is a result from the Minimum Income Calculator for a single person.


How much is this persons actual income? £

How much more do they need to reach the minimum income? - = £

The income is from three different benefits. Can you fill in the table to calculate what percentage of income comes from each benefit?

BenefitAmount £Percentage %
Housing benefit69.66(69.66/155) x 100=45%
Council Tax Benefit14.34(14.34/) x 100 =%
Income Support/JSA71(/155) x 100 = %

Now see if you can calculate the percentages for the different items of expenditure. Do the percentage calculations as you did the last table. Take the expenditure amount, divide by the total expenditure and multiply by 100. Round your answers to 1 decimal place. Some have been done for you.

Expenditure TypeAmount £Percentage %
Water Rates
Council Tax14.34
Household Insurances1.98
Gas, Electricity etc20.007.4
Other Housing Costs2.54
Household Goods11.554.3
Household Services3.61
Personal Goods and Services11.654.3
Travel costs and motoring22.39
Social and Cultural Activities44.7616.5

Note-if you add up all the percentages it only comes to 99.8. Don't worry, you haven't made a mistake. This is what we call a "rounding error". Since we rounded the percentage calculations our total isn't exactly 100, but it does round to 100, so that is fine.

What are the 5 biggest items of expenditure?

Do any of these suprise you? How does it compare to your budget? What do you think is included in "Social and Cultural activities"? If you are working in a class discuss these questions with a friend.

beerThe amount for alcohol is £5.13. If a pint of bitter costs £2.87 how many pints is this a week?
5.13 ÷ 2.87 = pints (round your answer to 1 decimal point)
This means that the budget only allows for between and pints each week.

Find out more about the Minimum Income Standard and work out your own minimum income here.